Penggunaan Modals Verb

Asahlah - Disini saya akan memberikan pelajaran mengenai penggunaan Modals Verb, mungkin anda sekalian ada yang sedang mempelajari materi ini di sekolah atau di universitas, perlu di ingat dalam penggunaan Modals Verb ada pola tertentu yang harus di patuhi, salah satunya jangan gunakan to setelah modals seperti ini " i can to drive a car", saya yakin dalam kehidupan sehari-hari anda pasti sering menggunakan modals verb ini, di bawah ini adalah tabel penggunaan dan contoh kalimat :

1) can

UseExamples
ability to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be able to)can speak English.
permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)Can go to the cinema?
requestCan you wait a moment, please?
offercan lend you my car till tomorrow.
suggestionCan we visit Grandma at the weekend?
possibilityIt can get very hot in Arizona.

2) could

UseExamples
ability to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be able to)could speak English.
permission to do sth. in the past (substitute form: to be allowed to)could go to the cinema.
polite question *Could I go to the cinema, please?
polite request *Could you wait a moment, please?
polite offer *could lend you my car till tomorrow.
polite suggestion *Could we visit Grandma at the weekend?
possibility *It could get very hot in Montana.

3) may

UseExamples
possibilityIt may rain today.
permission to do sth. in the present (substitute form: to be allowed to)May I go to the cinema?
polite suggestionMay I help you?

4) might

UseExamples
possibility (less possible than may) *It might rain today.
hesitant offer *Might I help you?

5) must

UseExamples
force, necessitymust go to the supermarket today.
possibilityYou must be tired.
advice, recommendationYou must see the new film with Brad Pitt.

6) must not/may not

UseExamples
prohibitionYou mustn't work on dad's computer.
You may not work on dad's computer.

7) need not

UseExamples
not necessaryneedn't go to the supermarket, we're going to the restaurant tonight.

8) ought to

UseExamples
adviceYou ought to drive carefully in bad weather.
obligationYou ought to switch off the light when you leave the room.

9) shall

instead of will in the 1st person
UseExamples
suggestionShall I carry your bag?

10) should

UseExamples
adviceYou should drive carefully in bad weather.
obligationYou should switch off the light when you leave the room.

11) will

UseExamples
wish, request, demand, order (less polite than would)Will you please shut the door?
prediction, assumptionI think it will rain on Friday.
promisewill stop smoking.
spontaneous decisionCan somebody drive me to the station? - I will.
habitsShe's strange, she'll sit for hours without talking.

12) would

UseExamples
wish, request (more polite than will)Would you shut the door, please?
habits in the pastSometimes he would bring me some flowers.
* no past forms - future forms

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